Glossary of terms

Below is a list of all the terms that are regularly used throughout this site and our corresponding definitions:

Term Description
% of investor subscription available for tax relief Here we show the % of the total amount invested which is potentially available for tax relief, after charges are deducted by the Investment Manager but ignoring any commission payable to advisers. The amount of initial tax relief available (for SEIS, EIS & VCT schemes) is related to the actual amount buying shares in the underlying company or companies. For some investment offers, manager fees are taken from the gross investment, meaning that less than 100% of the subscription is invested into qualifying shares, thereby reducing the amount qualifying for the relevant tax benefits.
Added to MICAP Fund-Finder The date when the offer was first added by MICAP to the Fund Finder
Adviser Fees Adviser remuneration is paid to an investor’s financial adviser directly from the Manager (out of the investor’s subscription) or from the investee company (out of the funds it has raised). Some Managers only facilitate initial adviser charging whereas some Managers facilitate initial and ongoing adviser charging. The level of adviser fees payable will be agreed between the investor and their adviser, although some Managers may place a cap on the amount they will facilitate.
AIM Listed A company listed on the Alternative Investment Market of the London Stock Exchange
Alternative Investment Fund A collective investment undertaking which raises capital from a number of investors with a view to investing it in accordance with a defined investment policy for the benefit of those investors, but does not require authorisation pursuant to the UCITS directive. Whoever is responsible for arranging the investment must complete an appropriateness test on the investor.
AMC (excluding adviser fees) Details of any annual management charge payable to the investment manager for managing the assets (not taking into account any advice fees which may be negotiated separately with the client)
Annual admin charge Details of any annual administration charges payable to a custodian, administrator etc, for administering the investment.
Annual charges from investment The total annual charges deducted from the investment (either upfront or on an ongoing basis). Flat rate charges are ignored.
Annual charges on NAV or initial subscription? Whether annual charges are based upon Net Asset Value of the company/portfolio or on the investor's initial subscription
Annual charges to investee companies The total annual charges levied on investee companies. Flat rate charges are ignored.
Annual performance fee Details of any annual performance fees
Annual performance hurdle Details of the hurdle that may trigger annual performance fees
Annual target return (BPR funds only) The annual target return to investors. As BR funds have no defined exit date their target return is measured in terms of annual growth.
Anticipated or actual trade commencement date The anticipated or actual trade commencement date for the investee company or the latest trade commencement date for a portfolio of companies
Anticipated tax certificate date The latest expected date by which tax certificates will be available to investors. For a fund or portfolio of companies this is the date of the latest expected tax certificate.
Approved offer/prospectus This states whether the offer documents have been issued or approved by an FCA authorised firm under s.21 FSMA, or issued under the Prospectus Rules made under s.74 of FSMA
Asset-backed A company, typically set up by the FCA Authorised Manager or Investment Adviser, that is backed by assets to provide downside mitigation. These assets may include property, machinery, significant stock or contractual income
Asset Sale The sale of the underlying assets by the investee company and distribution to investors on winding up of the company
Available discounts If there are any available discounts being offered they are shown here
BIR mechanism Business Investment Relief (“BIR”) enables UK resident but non-UK domiciled individuals to bring money into the UK to invest in certain investments without making a taxable remittance. This field shows whether the Offer has specific mechanisms to deal with the provisions of this relief.
BR Business Relief (still commonly referred to as Business Property Relief,
or BPR) provides relief from Inheritance Tax on the transfer of relevant business assets
Capital Preservation & Growth Investments into asset-backed trading companies or investments that are exploiting an asset, either a physical asset or the rights to an intangible asset
Capital Preservation & Income Investments that are exploiting an asset typically with contractual income streams that will allow it to pay an income to investors
Close date The intended date on which the offer will close to new subscriptions, This may be earlier if sufficient subscriptions are received to hit the target raise, or may be extended at the Promoter and/or Investment Manager's discretion if insufficient funds have been raised by that date.
Closed An investment that has reached its target raise and/or close date, and so is currently not accepting new applications for investment (typically EIS, SEIS, VCT & SITR offers)
Current raise The current raise for the offer
Current Raise Updated The date when the amount raised was last updated
Data Verified The green tick shows that the manager/promoter has verified that the data shown on the MICAP Fund Finder is correct and is committed to regularly updating and confirming the accuracy of their data. For the latest offer update date, please refer to the ‘Key Data Updated’ field.
Discretionary Portfolio Service Investors contract with an investment manager who will invest their funds on their behalf. The FCA Authorised Manager must complete a suitability test on each holding and have permission to manage investments.
Early Stage A post revenue company that is yet to become profitable or has only been profitable for less than two years
Early/Later Stage A mixture of Early and Later stage companies
EIS The Enterprise Investment Scheme which provides investors a range of tax reliefs when investing in new shares of small and medium sized companies
EIS/SEIS An investment seeking to allocate investors into a mixture of both EIS and SEIS qualifying investments
Energy Generation Generating energy, typically from renewable sources (including wind, solar & hydro), clean sources (including anaerobic digestion) or other sources (including diesel powered generators)
Entity fees charged to Broadly speaking, fees can be broken down into those charged to investors and taken from investors' subscriptions or exit proceeds (e.g. initial and annual management fees and any performance fee), and those charged to investee companies (i.e. arrangement and monitoring fees for helping them to meet their funding requirements)
Evergreen An investment that is always accepting new applications for investment, all year round (typically BR offers plus some EIS & SEIS offers)
Exit (Scored from 0 - 8) The exit strategy for the investment considers when that exit should take place, how long the process is expected to take and any factors that it is reliant on. A higher score can denote a lack of certainty on which exit strategy is most appropriate or that there are numerous contingencies that must occur first. Please note for investments with no fixed term (e.g. BR funds and non-limited life VCTs) exit strategy is ignored.
Exit deal fee Details of any deal fees payable on the disposal of any investee companies, if separate from exit performance fees
Exit performance fee Details of any performance fees charged on exit
Exit strategy The expected route to realisation of the investment by the Investment Manager. Where an investor will remain invested in the fund indefinitely (i.e. until they sell or redeem their investment, at their discretion) this is listed as n/a. This is typical for BR funds and VCTs (other than planned exit VCTs).
Expected tax year of share issuance The expected tax year share of share issuance reflects the tax year in which the investment is considered to have been made for tax purposes. Investing before this date means that this date should apply for tax purposes (although this should be confirmed with the Manager prior to investment). It does not necessarily correspond to the trade commencement date.
FCA authorised manager The investment manager responsible for selecting and managing the underlying investee companies and their assets. The FCA requires entities performing this role to be regulated with the relevant permissions.
Financial (Scored from 0 - 8) How secure investors’ capital is, based on the nature of the investments made. A higher score could signify a lack of real assets to mitigate risk, significant gearing, uncertain income streams or that the Manager does not have board representation to safeguard investors' interests.
Financial security (Scored from 0 - 8) How secure investors’ capital is, based on the nature of the investments made. A higher score could signify a lack of real assets to mitigate risk, significant gearing, uncertain income streams or that the Manager does not have board representation to safeguard investors' interests.
Financial Services Operating in the financial industry, such as banks, insurance companies, brokers and other investment companies
Food & Drink Manufacturing and selling food and drink
General Enterprise Providing general products and services, or an investment with no sector bias
Growth Investment into trading companies for long term capital growth
Growth & Income Investment into trading companies for long term capital growth and income
Has trade commenced for relevant company/ies? Whether the trade for the investee company or companies has commenced, often a key event relevant to investors claiming their tax relief
HMRC (Scored from 0 - 8) Tax reliefs are not guaranteed, and this section examines the relative risk of tax relief being granted. A lower score typically refers to an investment that has been pre-cleared by HMRC, a higher score refers to an investment where the tax clearance status has not or cannot be pre-cleared and where there is no external and ongoing support from a third party tax adviser.
HMRC advance assurance (EIS/SEIS funds only) Companies may seek assurance, in advance of a share issue, that they will meet the qualifying conditions of HMRC's Venture Capital Schemes (EIS, SEIS, VCT etc)
HMRC approved fund (EIS funds only) EIS funds can be approved by HMRC, or unapproved. The majority of funds are actually unapproved as this gives a perceived greater flexibility to the investment manager.
HMRC clearance (Scored from 0 - 8) Tax reliefs are not guaranteed, and this section examines the relative risk of tax relief being granted. A lower score typically refers to an investment that has been pre-cleared by HMRC, a higher score refers to an investment where the tax clearance status has not or cannot be pre-cleared and where there is no external and ongoing support from a third party tax adviser.
Income Investments that only produce an income and are not expected to experience capital growth
Industry & Infrastructure Operating in the diversified manufacturing, cars, heavy equipment, aerospace, roads and business services areas
Initial charge (excluding adviser fees) Initial fees payable for the investment (not taking into account any advice fees which may be negotiated separately with the client)
Initial charges from subscriptions The total initial charges deducted from an investor's subscriptions and not invested. Flat rate charges are ignored.
Initial charges to investee companies The total initial charges levied on investee companies. Flat rate charges are ignored.
Initial deal fee Details of any deal fees payable on the acquisition of any investee companies, if separate from initial charge. This would include fees such as a nominee, custodian or administrator fee charged at the point of investment.
Investee company type Seed stage, Early stage, Later stage, AIM listed and Asset-backed.
Investment adviser An entity retained by the FCA Authorised Manager to provide guidance on the selection and management of underlying investee companies and their assets. Typically this will be a sector specialist, but the entity may not be authorised by the FCA (and so cannot act as an FCA Authorised Manager)
Investment objective Chiefly capital preservation and growth, with variants for investments that seek to provide an income
Investment company type Single company, portfolio of companies, fund arrangement, fund of fund etc
ISA qualifying Whether the investment is ISA (or NISA) qualifying
Key Data Confirmed The date when any of the data fields were last updated or confirmed as being correct
Later Stage A company that has been profitable for at least two years
Later Stage/AIM Listed Typically a mixture of listed and pre-IPO companies
Launch date The date on which the investment offer was launched
Legal structure A discretionary portfolio service, an alternative investment fund or a single company seeking to raise funds.
Liquidity (Scored from 0 - 8) This considers how readily an investor can access their funds outside of any exit strategy organised by the Manager, ignoring any potential loss of tax relief. A higher score denotes limited liquidity for investors.
Liquidity provisions This details any specific provisions for providing liquidity during the investment term
Manager (Scored from 0 - 8) This considers the operational experience of the FCA Authorised Manager (and where relevant the Investment Adviser) based on numerous factors. A lower score refers to a longer established firm, with a greater number of staff with more experience in the tax efficient and private equity sectors and a comparatively large amount of assets under management. A higher score represents a weakness in one or more of these areas. For single company investments with no FCA Authorised Manager, this considers the management team of the single company open for investment plus any support it receives from the Promoter (if any).
Manager AUM The value of Assets Under Management of the FCA authorised manager, prior to this raise
Maximum target exposure to one investee company Assuming that all offers invest in their target number of investee companies and allocate investors' funds equally across all investee companies, this illustrates the maximum exposure the portfolio will have to any one investee company
Media & Entertainment Making films, producing theatre productions, printers and disseminators of news etc.
Min raise to proceed If the minimum target raise is not met, the project may be cancelled, which could cause investors to have their subscriptions returned and potentially lose out on the associated tax benefits. Not applicable for 'Evergreen' offers.
Min subscription The minimum stated amount which an investor can subscribe for shares in the offer
Minimum target exposure to one investee company Assuming that all offers invest in their target number of investee companies and allocate investors' funds equally across all investee companies, this illustrates the minimum exposure the portfolio will have to any one investee company
NMPI A Non-Mainstream Pooled Investment as defined by the Financial Conduct Authority
Offer type/tax wrapper Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS), Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme (SEIS), Venture Capital Trust (VCT), Business Relief (BR), Social Investment Tax Relief (SITR)
Open An investment that has not reached its target raise and/or close date, and so is currently accepting new applications for investment (typically EIS, SEIS, VCT & SITR offers)
Open/Evergreen Whether the investment offer is currently open/closed to new investment. It may also be classed as 'Evergreen' if is is open all year round for new investment.
Other investor restrictions The investments on the Fund Finder are only suitable for clients of authorised IFAs, certified HNW/Sophisticated Investors or Professional Investors etc. If there are any other restrictions they are referred to here.
Performance hurdle Details of the hurdle that will trigger performance fees.
Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology Research into, and manufacture of, products designed to improve the standard of living and life expectancy
Planned exit VCT A VCT with a limited life that will aim to realise all investments within a set number of years, often between 5 and 7 years of launch
Portfolio (Scored from 0 - 8) This examines the diversification of the offer, particularly the number of investee companies and business sectors that investors will be exposed to. Where an investment is focused on a number of sub-sectors within one business sector this is also taken into consideration. Lower diversification can often mean higher risk, and so a higher score here denotes an investment with a narrower focus.
Portfolio Analysis The analysis below is for illustrative purposes only and assumes that the target number of investee companies is invested in, and that investors' subscriptions are distributed equally among all investee companies in a particular offer. The target returns are as [provided by the respective managers - where a range is offered the mid-point is taken.
Portfolio Charge Analysis The charges outlined below are for illustrative purposes only and include all initial and annual charges levied on investors and investee companies as a percentage of the amount invested (or as a percentage of the NAV). Flat rate charges and fees charged to investee companies are ignored. Please refer to the respective offers and their investment documents to get a fuller picture of all charges levied.
Portfolio initial adviser fees This calculates the maximum initial adviser charge offered across the total portfolio pro rated to the amount invested in each offer.
Portfolio initial charges This calculates the total initial charge (excluding adviser fees) across the portfolio, pro rated to the amount invested in each offer. Flat charges and fees charged to investee companies are ignored. Please refer to the respective Fund Views and the product literature to get a fuller picture of all charges levied.
Portfolio strategy (Scored from 0 - 8) This examines the diversification of the offer, particularly the number of investee companies and business sectors that investors will be exposed to. Where an investment is focused on a number of sub-sectors within one business sector this is also taken into consideration. Lower diversification can often mean higher risk, and so a higher score here denotes an investment with a narrower focus.
Portfolio Target dividend The Portfolio Target Dividend (net of fees and charges) is based on the Target Dividend of each component offer expressing a dividend and calculates the weighted dividend on the total portfolio as a % of gross money invested. This output is in addition to the Portfolio Target Net Return and the Portfolio Target Annual Return. Please be aware that this is an indication only as target dividends can not necessarily be relied upon.
Promoter(s) The Promoter or Promoters of this investment
Regulatory (Scored from 0 - 8) Investments are subject to a number of different rules regarding how and to whom they can be marketed. A higher score signifies that this investment's marketing material has not been approved by an FCA regulated firm, or that there are no FCA regulated firms involved with the management of this investment.
Regulatory status (Scored from 0 - 8) Investments are subject to a number of different rules regarding how and to whom they can be marketed. A higher score signifies that this investment's marketing material has not been approved by an FCA regulated firm, or that there are no FCA regulated firms involved with the management of this investment.
Sale/redemption of shares The sale of the shares to another person or the redemption of the shares by the investee company
Sector The headline sector classification of the investment: MICAP classifies each investment into one of ten sectors: Energy Generation, Financial Services, Food & Drink, Industry & Infrastructure, Media & Entertainment, Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology, Sport & Leisure, Technology, Transport, and finally General Enterprise (for investments that have no sector bias)
Seed Stage A company at its setup stage with an idea for a product or service, perhaps engaging in R&D
Seed/Early Stage A mixture of Seed and Early stage companies
Seed/Early/Later Stage A mixture of all types of investee company excluding project based
SEIS The Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme which provides investors a range of tax reliefs when investing in new shares of small early stage or start up companies
Single Company/Companies A non-discretionary investment into one or more individual trading companies seeking investment through the issue of shares. Each investment will be a non-readily realisable security (NRRS), unless traded on the Alternative Investment Market.
Single company NAV The Net Asset Value of the single company prior to investment
SITR Social Investment Tax Relief which provides investors a range of tax reliefs when investing in new shares or debt issued by social enterprises, with a view to helping people and communities
Sport & Leisure Providing sport, hospitality and tourism services
Sub sector The 'specific' sector classification of the investment
Target annual return The target annual return (net of fees and charges) is based on the target annual return of each component offer expressing an annual return and calculates the weighted annual return on the total portfolio as a % of gross money invested. This output is in addition to the target net return and the target dividend. Please be aware that this is an indication only as target annual returns can not necessarily be relied upon.
Target dividend The target annual gross dividend. VCTs would seek to pay dividends to investors as they are tax free. EIS/SEIS/BR/SITR funds will typically not pay a dividend as they are taxable.
Target net return The target net return (net of fees and charges and ignoring any tax reliefs) is based on the target return of each component offer and calculates the weighted return on the portfolio as a % of gross money invested. This output is in addition to the target annual return and the target dividend and does not take into account the various minimum expected investment terms. Please be aware that this is an indication only as target returns and expected durations cannot necessarily be relied upon.
Target number of investee companies Assuming that all offers invest in their target number of investee companies, this illustrates the total expected number of investee companies in this portfolio
Target minimum term (yrs) The anticipated term until exit or realisation of the investment. The term commences at the later of the last share issue date or the trade commencement date (the 'relevant date'). For a portfolio, this is expressed as the average term from the relevant date. Where marked as 'n/a' the fund doesn't have a specified duration.
Target no. of investee companies The target number of investee companies that investors will directly or indirectly purchase equity in
Target raise The total target raise of the offer. Not applicable for 'Evergreen' offers.
Technology Engaged in the research, development and sale of information technology hardware and software goods and services
Total annual charges This calculates the total annual charges (excluding adviser fees) across the portfolio, pro rated to the amount invested in each offer. Flat charges and fees charged to investee companies are ignored. Please refer to the respective offer and their investment documents to get a fuller picture of all charges levied.
Total initial charges This calculates the total initial charges (excluding adviser fees) across the portfolio, pro rated to the amount invested in each offer. Flat charges and fees charged to investee companies are ignored. Please refer to the respective offer and their investment documents to get a fuller picture of all charges levied.
Total target return (EIS/SEIS funds only) The total target return to investors on the target exit date, net of all initial and annual fees and charges but excluding any performance fee, and ignoring any associated tax reliefs. For example, a total target return of 200% is equivalent to a return of the original £1 invested plus an additional £1 i.e. a total return of £2.
Total to Invest The total of all funds allocated to this portfolio
Trade sale, IPO, MBO The sale of either the underlying business and distribution to investors on winding up of the company or sale of shares to a third party, an Initial Public Offering (listing of the shares) or a management buy out
Transport Engaged in freight forwarding, distribution and consumer travel
UCIS An Unregulated Collective Investment Scheme as defined by the Financial Conduct Authority
VCT Venture Capital Trusts are publicly listed, closed-end funds which invest in small and medium sized companies and provide investors a range of tax reliefs including tax free dividends
Verified by manager The green tick provides reassurance to the user. It shows that the manager/promoter has verified that the data shown on the MICAP Fund Finder is correct and is committed to regularly updating and confirming the accuracy of their data. For the latest offer update date, please refer to the ‘Key Data Updated’ field.
Yield Sale/Refinance Sale of the investee company's income stream and distribution to investors on winding up of the company or a refinance of the company's capital from new shares, loan notes or borrowing